Yes, whales are carnivorous animals.
Among the 80 or so estimated whale species all whales are broken down into two groups: toothed whales and baleen whales.
Toothed whales as the name suggest are whales that are born with teeth.
Out of the two groups these whales are considered the hunters of the species.
Some toothed whales use their teeth to bite and chew their prey while others use their teeth as a form of defense or to show dominance during mating season.
Because these whales have teeth they are more likely to hunt and attack larger prey than baleen whales.
Toothed whales can eat anything from small fish and shrimp to large squid and octopus.
The killer whale (actually a dolphin) has been known to attack and eat sea lions, seals, sharks and even large whales!
Baleen whales on the other hand are born with baleen plates instead of teeth and aren’t the type to attack their prey in the same manner as their toothed whale relatives would.
Instead they use a technique known as filter feeding which involves swimming towards their prey with their mouth open and engulfing large amounts of water along with (in most cases) small prey such as krill, shrimp, small fish and crustaceans.
They then push the water out of their mouth with their tongue while using their baleen bristles to keep fish, shrimp, krill and other small prey from escaping.
List of common foods eaten by whales:
- Krill and other crustaceans
- Seals (killer whale)
- Sea Lions (killer whales hunt them)
- Penguins (killer whales hunt them)
- Sharks (killer whale hunt them - rare)
- Whales (killer whale hunt them - rare)