Names Of Whales

Below you will find a lists containing the names of most of the whale species, but first we’ll start with a short introduction about the two whale suborders.

There are currently around 80 known species of whale in existence today.

These species are broken down into two suborder known as Baleen Whales and Toothed Whales.

Baleen whales in general tend to be much larger than their toothed whale counterparts, however there are much more species of toothed whale than baleen whales in existence.

Part of this is due to the fact that dolphins and porpoises are also a part of the toothed whale suborder.

Baleen whales are known as filter feeders and are born with baleen plates instead of teeth.

These whales feed by swimming through the water with their mouth open engulfing large amounts of food and water.

They then expel the water by pushing it out with their tongue while leaving their food trapped inside their baleen bristles.

Toothed whales on the other hand have teeth and in some cases will use their teeth to attack, grab and chew their prey.

Not all species however are known for chewing their food and some use their teeth primarily for defense or to show dominance.

Bellow you will find a list containing the names and nicknames of many of the 80 are so known species of whale:

Baleen Whales

Blue whale - Sibbald’s rorqual  – Great nothern roqual (Balaenoptera musculus) (This whale is part of the roqual family)

Antarctic blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus)

Pygmy blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus brevicauda)

Bowhead whale - Greenland right whale (Balaena mysticetus)

Bryde’s whale (Balaenoptera brydei) (This whale is part of the roqual family) (Named after Johan Byrde)

Pygmy Byrde’s whale (Balaenoptera edeni)

Fin whale - Razorback – Finback – Herring whale – Finner (Balaenoptera physalus) (This whale is part of the roqual family)

Gray whale - Desert whale – Gray back – Devil fish – California gray whale- Mussell digger – Rip sack – Scrag whale (Eschrichtius robustus)

Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae)

Minke whale - Winged whale

Antarctic or southern minke whale (Balaenoptera bonaerensis) (This whale is part of the roqual family)

Common minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) (This whale is part of the roqual family)

Dwarf minke whale

Omura’s whale (Balaenoptera omurai)

Right whale

Pygmy right whale (Caperea marginata)

North atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis)

North pacific right whale (Eubalaena japonica)

Southern right whale (Eubalaena australis)

Sei whale - Pollack whale – Coalfish whale – Rudophi’s whale (Balaenoptera borealis) (This whale is part of the roqual family)

Toothed Whales

Andrew’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon bowdoini)

Arnoux’s beaked whale (Berardius arnuxii)

Baird’s beaked whale (Berardius bairdii)

Blainville’s Beaked whale (Mesoplodon densirostris)

Cuvier’s beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris)

Gervais’ beaked whale (Mesoplodon europaeus)

Ginkgo toothed beaked whale (Mesoplodon ginkgodens)

Gray’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon grayi)

Hector’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon hectori)

Hubb’s Beaked whale (Mesoplodon carlhubbsi)

Longman’s beaked whale (Indopacetus pacificus)

Perrin’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon perrini)

Pygmy beaked whale (Mesoplodon peruvianus)

Shepherd’s beaked whale (Tasmacetus shepherdi)

Sowerby’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon bidens)

Stejneger’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon stejnegeri)

Strap-toothed whale (Mesoplodon layardii)

True’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon mirus)

Beluga whale  (Delphinapterus leucas)

Northern bottlenose whale (Hyperoodon ampullatus)

Southern bottlenose whale (Hyperoodon planifrons)

Narwhal whale - Unicorn of the sea –  (Monodon monoceros)

Spade-toothed whale (Mesoplodon traversii)

Sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus)

Dwarf sperm whale (Kogia sima)

Pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps)

Dolphins

White-beaked dolphin (Lagenorhynchus albirostris)

Long-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus capensis)

Short-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus delphis)

Arabian common dolphin (Delphinus tropicalis)

Common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)

Indian ocean or indo-pacific bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops aduncus)

Chilean dolphin (Cephalorhynchus eutropia)

Chinese white dolphin

Clymene dolphin (Stenella clymene)

Commerson’s dolphin (Cephalorhynchus commersonii)

Costero dolphin (Sotalia guianensis)

Dusky dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obscurus)

Franciscana dolphin (La Plata dolphin) - (Pontoporia blainvillei)

Fraser’s dolphin (Lagenodelphis hosei)

Heaviside’s dolphin (Cephalorhynchus heavisidii)

Hector’s dolphin (Cephalorhynchus hectori)

Hourglass dolphin (Lagenorhynchus cruciger)

Atlantic Humpback dolphin (Sousa teuszi)

Indian Humpback dolphin (Sousa plumbea)

Pacific Humpback dolphin (Sousa chinensis)

Irrawaddy dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris)

Orca – killer whale – black fish (Orcinus orca)

False killer whale (Pseudorca crassidens)

Pygmy killer whale (Feresa attenuata)

Melon-headed whale (Peponocephala electra)

Peale’s dolphin (Lagenorhynchus australis)

Northern right whale dolphin (Lissodelphis borealis)

Southern right whale dolphin (Lissodelphis peronii)

Rough-toothed dolphin (Steno bredanensis)

Spinner dolphin (Stenella longirostris)

Atlantic spotted dolphin (Stenella frontalis)

Pantropical spotted dolphin (Stenella attenuata)

Long-finned pilot whale (Globicephala melas)

Short-finned pilot whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus)

Risso’s dolphin (Grampus griseus)

Amazon river dolphin (Boto) – (Inia geoffrensis)

Chinese river dolphin (Baiji) – (Lipotes vexillifer)

Ganges river dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica)

Indus river dolphin (Platanista gangetica minor)

Australian snubfin dolphin (Orcaella heinsohni)

Striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba)

Tucuxi dolphin (Sotalia fluviatilis)

Atlantic white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus acutus)

Pacific white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens)

Porpoises

Burmeister’s porpoise (Phocoena spinipinnis)

Dall’s porpoise (Phocoenoides dalli)

Finless porpoise (Neophocaena phocaenoides)

Harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)

Spectacled porpoise (Phocoena dioptrica)

Vaquita (Phocoena sinus)