Some species of whale are very acrobatic and can perform many different amazing feats including jumping and flipping.
Jumping however is more common amongst the smaller toothed whale species as their smaller size and lighter body makes it easier for them to leap out of the water.
One of the many different acrobatic feats larger marine mammals are capable performing is known as breaching which is similar to jumping and is common amongst the larger baleen whale species.
Breaching occurs when a whale lifts at least 40% of its body out of the water.
Some baleen whale are able to expose as much as 90% of their bodies above the surface before they reestablish contact with the water.
Surprisingly these breaches only take up a small amount of the whales energy (less than 0.100%) but a large amount of breaches over a short period of time can eventually tire the whale out.
It is also important to note that not all species of whale are known for such acrobatic maneuvers.
Some whales prefer to live a very inactive, sedentary and docile lifestyle, and are more likely to shy away from people or log around the ocean’s surface than to perform breaches, spy-hops, jumps and lunges.
Dolphins are also part of the toothed whale family and are well-known for their ability to jump and flip out of the water.
And some dolphins are capable of jumping more than 25 ft. into the air!
Because of their small size they are ideal for performing acrobatic feats at marine parks and live aquatic shows.
In terms of communication jumping is only one way that whales communicate with each other.
Whales are also known to spy-hop, charge at one another, vocalize through songs, moans, clicks and whistles and lob-tail among other things in order to communicate their intentions to other whales.